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科学家发现300万年前的阿法南方古猿具有与类人猿相似的大脑

2020年10月12日 17:04:11字号:T|T

优乐彩彩票网址    JINRI,FABIAOZAIScience AdvancesSHANGDEYIXIANGYANJIUZHONG,DEGUOMax PlanckJINHUARENLEIXUEYANJIUSUODEGURENLEIXUEJIAPhilipp Gunz HESimon NeubauerLINGDAODEYANJIUYANJIUTUANDUIFAXIAN,Lucy(YIJUGUYUANRENBIAOBEN)SUOSHUDEAFA(afarensis)NANFANGGUYUANJUYOUYULEIRENYUANXIANGSIDEDANAO。RANER,CHIHUANDEDANAOFAYUJIUXIANGRENLEIYIYANG,GUYUANYINGERKENENGXUYAOZHANGQIYILAIZHAOGU。

优乐彩彩票网址    300DUOWANNIANQIAN,AFANANYUANSHENGHUOZAIDONGFEI,ZAIGURENLEIZUPUZHONGZHANJUZHONGYAOWEIZHI,YINWEITABEIGUANGFANRENWEISHISUOYOUHOULAIDEGURENLEI(BAOKUORENLEIPUXI)DEZUXIAN。LAIZIZHIJIAGEDAXUEDETONGXUNZUOZHEZeresenay AlemsegedJIESHISHUO:“LucyHETADETONGLEITIGONGLEYOUGUANZAOQIGURENLEIXINGWEIDEZHONGYAOZHENGJU。TAMENZHILIXINGZOU,NAORONGLIANGBIHEIXINGXINGDA20%,KENENGYIJINGSHIYONGFENGLIDESHITOUGONGJU。” AlemsegedFUZEZAIAISAIEBIYADEDikikaYEWAIXIANGMU。TAZAI2000NIANFAXIANLENANFANGGUYUANERTONGDEGUGE。AlemsegedBUCHONGSHUO:“WOMENDEXINJIEGUOBIAOMINGLETAMENDEDANAORUHEFAYUYIJIRUHEZUZHI。”

    WEILEYANJIUAFANANFANGGUYUANDEDANAOSHENGZHANGHEZUZHIJIEGOU,YANJIURENYUANZAIOUZHOUTONGBUJIASUQIFUSHESHIYANSHI(ESRF,WEIYUFAGUOGrenoble)SHIYONGTONGBUWEIDUANCENGSAOMIAOJISHUSAOMIAOLEZAIDikikaFAXIANDEGUYUANERTONGDELUGUHUASHI。ZAIZHEIXIANGZUIXINJISHUDEBANGZHUXIA,YANJIURENYUANNENGGOUYIJIZHOUDEJINGDUJIESHISIWANGNIANLING。

优乐彩彩票网址    CIWAI,YANJIURENYUANHAISHIYONGGAOFENBIANLVCHANGGUIDUANCENGSAOMIAOJISHUSAOMIAOLEAISAIEBIYADikikaHEHadarLIANGDIDELINGWAIQIGEBAOCUNWANHAODELUGUHUASHI。JINGGUOSHUNIANJIANKUDEHUASHIZHONGJIANHEYACHISHENGZHANGXIANJISHU,YANJIURENYUANFUYUANLEZAIDikikaFAXIANDEGUYUANERTONGDEDANAOYINJI,BAOKUOJINGQUEDESIWANGNIANLING、DUILUNEIRONGJIDEZHONGXINGUJI,YIJIYIQIANWEIFAXIANDEZHUMINGNANFANGGUYUANHUASHIDELUNEITEZHENG。

    ZHEIXIESHUJUWEILIANGGEYOUZHENGYIDEWENTITIGONGLEXINDEQISHI:SHIFOUYOUZHENGJUBIAOMINGAFAGUYUANJUYOULEISIRENLEIDEDANAOZHONGZU?AFAGUYUANDEDANAOSHENGZHANGMOSHISHIFOUYUHEIXINGXINGHUORENLEIDEDANAOSHENGZHANGMOSHIGENGXIANGSI?

    YUYIQIANDESHUOFAXIANGFAN,AFANANFANGGUYUANDELUNEIYINJIXIANSHICHULEISIYUANDEDANAOZUZHI,BINGQIEMEIYOURENLEITEZHENG。RANER,DUIYINGERHECHENGRENDELUNEIRONGJIJINXINGDEBIJIAOQUEBIAOMING,AFAGUYUANGENGXIANGRENLEINEIYANGXUYAOZHANGSHIJIANDEDANAOSHENGZHANG,ZHEIKENENGSHIGURENLEIZHANGSHIJIANDETONGNIANXUEXIJINHUAZHIGUANZHONGYAO。

优乐彩彩票网址    XIANDAIRENLEIDANAOBUJINBIWOMENDEJINQINLEIRENYUANDEDANAOYAODADEDUO,ERQIEZUZHIFANGSHIYEBUTONG。RENLEIDANAOXUYAOGENGZHANGDESHIJIANCAINENGFAYUCHENGSHU。LIRU,YUHEIXINGXINGXIANGBI,XIANDAIRENLEIDEYINGERXUEXISHIJIANGENGZHANG,ZHEISHIYIWANQUANYILAIFUMUZHAOGUDESHIJIANGENGZHANGWEIDAIJIADE。ZHEIXIETEZHENGZONGTIDUIYURENLEIDERENZHIHESHEHUIXINGWEIHENZHONGYAO,DANZHEIXIETEZHENGDEJINHUAQIYUANRENGRANBUQINGCHU。DANAOBUHUICHENGWEIHUASHI,DANSHISUIZHEDANAOZAICHUSHENGQIANHOUDESHENGZHANGHEKUOZHAN,QIWAICENGDEZHOUWEIZUZHIHUIZAILUGUSHANGLIUXIAYINJI。JIYUZHEIXIELUQIANGMOXING,YANJIURENYUANKEYICELIANGLUNEIRONGJI,BINGCONGLUGUZHONGDEDANAOYINJITUIDUANCHUDANAOZUZHIDEGUANJIANXINXI。

优乐彩彩票网址    LEIRENYUANHERENLEIZHIJIANDEYIGEGUANJIANCHAYIZAIYUDANAODINGYEHEZHENYEDEZUZHI。LAIZIFOLUOLIDAZHOULIDAXUEDEHEZHUZHE、JIESHILUNEIYINJIDEZHUANJIADean FalkSHUO:“ZAISUOYOUDEYUANLEIDANAOZHONG,YIGEQINGXIDEYUEZHUANGGOUWEIYUZHENYEZHUYAOSHIJUEPICENGDEQIANBIANJIEFUJIN。” GUOQUYOUXIERENRENWEI,DANAOJIEGOUBIANHUADAOZHILEYUEZHUANGGOUZAINANFANGGUYUANDELUNEIGENGXIANGHOUYIDONG(LEISIYURENLEI),BINGZUIZHONGDAOZHIRENLEIQINGXIDELUNEIYINJIXIAOSHI。RENMENJIASHE,NANFANGGUYUANDEZHEIZHONGDANAOZHONGZUKENENGYUBITAMENDELEIRENYUANQINQIGENGFUZADEXINGWEIYOUGUAN(LIRU,GONGJUZHIZAO、XINZHIHUAHESHENGYINJIAOLIU)。BUXINGDESHI,YUEZHUANGGOUTONGCHANGZAIBAONEIXIBAOSHANGBUNENGHENHAODIFUZHI,YINCIGUANYUQIZAINANFANGGUYUANZHONGDEWEIZHIYIZHICUNZAIZHENGYI。

优乐彩彩票网址    DikikaFAXIANDEBAOCUNYICHANGWANZHENGDEGUYUANERTONGHUASHIZAIYULEIRENYUANDANAOZHONGXIANGSIDEWEIZHIJUYOUQINGXIDEYUEZHUANGGOUYINJI。TONGYANG,JISUANJIDUANCENGSAOMIAOJIESHICHUZAIHadarFAXIANDEZHUMINGCHENGNIANNANFANGGUYUANHUASHI (A.L. 162-28)ZHONGWEIBEIFAXIANDEYUEZHUANGGOUYINJI。YUZHIQIANDEGUANDIANXIANGFAN,YANJIURENYUANMEIYOUZAIRENHEBAOCUNLEXIANGXIYUEZHUANGGOUYINJIDEAFANANFANGGUYUANHUASHIZHONGFAXIANDANAOZHONGZUDEZHENGJU。

优乐彩彩票网址    TONGBUJIASUQIDUIYINGERHUASHIDECHILIEJINXINGJISUANJIDUANCENGSAOMIAO,SHITONGGUOJISUANYACHISHENGZHANGXIANLAIQUEDINGYIGERENDESIWANGNIANLINGCHENGWEIKENENG。JIUXIANGSHUMUDENIANLUNYIYANG,YACHIDEXUNIJIEMIANXIANSHICHUFANYINGSHENTINEIBUJIEZOUDESHENGZHANGXIAN。TONGGUOYANJIUZAIDikikaFAXIANDEYINGERYACHIHUASHI,YANJIUTUANDUIDEYAKEZHUANJIAPaul Tafforeau(ESRF)、Adeline Le Cabec(ESRF/ Max PlanckJINHUARENLEIXUEYANJIUSUO)HETanya Smith(GriffithDAXUE)JISUANCHUGAIYINGERDESIWANGNIANLINGWEI861TIAN(2.4NIAN)。

    GAIYANJIUDIYIZUOZHEPhilipp Gunz SHUO:“JINGGUOQINIANDEYANJIU,WOMENZHONGYUJIQILEYANJIUDANAOSHENGZHANGJINHUADESUOYOUPINTU,BAOKUODikikaYINGERDESIWANGNIANLINGJIQILUNEIRONGJI,BAOCUNZUIWANHAODECHENGRENAFANANFANGGUYUANHUASHILUNEIRONGJI,HECHAOGUO1600MINGXIANDAIRENLEIHEHEIXINGXINGDEDUIBISHUJU。”

    DikikaYINGERDEYACHIFAYUSUDUYUHEIXINGXINGDAZHIXIANGDANG,YINCIBIXIANDAIRENDEYAOKUAI。RANER,KAOLVDAOCHENGNIANAFANANFANGGUYUANDEDANAODAYUEBIHEIXINGXINGDA20%,DikikaYINGERDEXIAOLUNEIRONGJIBIAOMING,YUHEIXINGXINGXIANGBI,TAMENDEDANAOFAYUSHIJIANGENGZHANG。

    Simon Neubauer JIESHISHUO:“JISHISHIJIANGDikikaYINGERYUSHENCAIAIXIAO、NAORONGLIANGXIAODECHENGNIANGUYUAN(BIRULucy)JINXINGBAOSHOUDEBIJIAO,YEBIAOMINGAFANANFANGGUYUANDEDANAOFAYUHEJINTIANDERENLEIYIYANGSHIHUANMANDE。”

    Philipp GunzZONGJIEDAO:“WOMENDESHUJUBIAOMING,AFANANFANGGUYUANYONGYOUYULEIRENYUANXIANGSIDEDANAOZUZHI,DANZHEIBIAOMING,TAMENDANAODEFAYUSHIJIANBIHEIXINGXINGYAOZHANG。”YIBANLAISHUO,ZAILINGZHANGLEIDONGWUZHONG,BUTONGDESHENGZHANGHECHENGSHUSUDUYUBUTONGDEYOUERZHAOGUCELVEYOUGUAN,ZHEIBIAOMINGAFANANFANGGUYUANDANAOSHENGZHANGSHIJIANDEYANZHANGKENENGYUZHANGQIYILAIZHAOGUZHEYOUGUAN。LINGWAI,HUANMANDEDANAOSHENGZHANGSUDUYEKENENGZHUYAODAIBIAOLEYIZHONGCELVE,ZAISHIWUBUCHONGZUDEHUANJINGZHONG,JIANGHOUDAIDENENGLIANGXUQIUFENSANDAODUONIANSHIJIANZHONG。ZAIZHEILIANGZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,AFANANFANGGUYUANDANAODEZHANGSHIJIANSHENGZHANGWEIRENLEIDANAODEHOUXUJINHUAHESHEHUIXINGWEITIGONGLEJICHU,BINGKENENGDUIERTONGZHANGSHIJIANXUEXIDEJINHUAZHIGUANZHONGYAO。 

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